Fruits & Vegetables
TURKEY is a significant producer and exporter of agricultural commodities on global markets and is estimated to be the world’s 7th largest agricultural producer, particularly a top producer and exporter of crops ranging from hazelnuts and chestnuts to apricots, cherries, figs, olives, quinces, tobacco and tea.
Historically, the agricultural sector has been Turkey’s largest employer and a major contributor to the country’s GDP, exports and rural development. Although in relation to the industrial and service sectors, share of agriculture has been declining in importance, it nonetheless continues to play a fundamental role in Turkish society, employing about a quarter of the workforce and generating most of the income and employment in rural areas.
The principal objectives of Turkish agricultural policy can be summarized as follows:
1. meeting the food security needs of a growing population;
2. increasing productivity and reducing vulnerability to adverse weather conditions; improving self-sufficiency levels;
3. raising farm incomes and providing more stability;
4. enhancing competitiveness;
5. developing rural areas;
6. ensuring food safety and harmonizing the country’s agricultural and rural development policies and institutions with those of the European Union.
Turkish fresh citrus products which have started their journey from a place as close to you as your backyard are ready to arrive in your county with a unique flavor, full of health as natural and fresh as when first picked. Turkish fresh citrus destined to meet its consumer has to pass quality tests in the food laboratories and available in the markets from the beginning of September to the end of May. Exporting to more than 135 countries, Turkey’s main markets are respectively Russian Federation, Iraq, Germany, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Belarus, and Ukraine. The sector has started diversifying its export destinations and has given efforts to add Far East countries to export destinations.
The Agriculture Industry in Turkey
The agriculture industry in Turkey has always been a strong and developing industry for the country. Thanks to the fertile & arable lands and favourable climate, different fruits and vegetables grow in different regions of Turkey, and most of the population in the rural areas earn their income from agriculture.
Another reason for the strong agricultural industry in Turkey is dynamic, young and skilled labour force along with strong incentives by the government. Turkey’s industrial and commercial infrastructure is highly developed, and thanks to the easy access to regional markets, most of the global agri-food giants are present in Turkey, and they have important activities. They also have close relationships and successful partnerships with Turkish companies as well.
Turkey is in a perfect location in the middle of Asia and Europe as well as accessible transport opportunities to the Middle East and former Soviet countries.
Turkey is also a huge market with a population of more than 80 million, and it is considered as one of the leading countries in the agriculture industry. 5.8% of GDP in 2018 was represented by the food and agriculture sector employing 20% of the active population.
Key numbers of the agriculture industry in Turkey (2018)
1. Turkey is the 2nd largest country in Europe and the 9th largest country in the world in terms of the agricultural economy.
2. Turkey has the 2nd largest agricultural economy among OECD countries. (World Bank)
3. Turkey is the 1st flour exporter in the world.
4. Turkey has 23.2 million ha agricultural land and 5.1 million ha arable land.
5. Total exportation of agricultural products is around 17.7 billion$.
6. Total importation of agricultural products is around 12.7 billion$.
7. Total agricultural trade volume is around 30.5 billion$.
8. There are 3,076 million agricultural enterprises in Turkey.
9. Three million people work in the agriculture industry.
10. The agricultural GDP is around 43.2 billion$.
Thanks to abundant production in the sector Turkey is one of the most significant exporters in agricultural products in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa region.
Turkey is the top producer of hazelnut, apricot, fig, dried raisin, and cherry.
Turkey is one of the top 5 producers of melon, watermelon, cucumber, lentil, pistachio, quince, sour cherry, chestnut, pepper, honey, and green beans.
Turkey is one of the top 10 producers of apple, cotton, wheat, barley, almond, sunflower and tobacco.
Around 1700 types of agricultural products are exported to around 185 countries by Turkey.
Turkey is the top exporter of hazelnut, dried raisin, apricot, fig, and chickpea.
Turkey is one of the top 5 exporters of cherry, lemon, lentil, tobacco, olive oil, and chestnut.
Turkey is one of the top 10 exporters of pepper, olive, pistachio, orange, tomato, cucumber, peach, and grape.